Work and Possession

Possession and Exchange

BOR adj existent, present Entities & Events
  adj | NY+ning NX+i ~ (Y) have X (possession)
  Aqli bor odam bu ishni qilmaydi.
  A wise man does not do such things.
  Mening soatim bor.
  I have a watch.
  adj | NY+da NX ~ (Y) have X (with it)
  adj | NY+ga NX ~ there is X for Y
borliq n possession(s)
YO'Q adj non-existent, absent Entities & Events
  NY+ning NX+i ~ (Y) have not X (possession)
  Onasi yo'q bola.
  Motherless child.
  Vaqtim yo'q.
  I have no time.
  NY+da NX ~ (Y) have not X (with it)
EGA n | NX+ning ~+si owner, recipient (of X) Language
Exchange
  Bu odam ana u uyning egasi.
  This man owns that house.
  Bu uyning egasi kim?
  Who is the owner of this house?
  n | NX+ga ~ own X, possess X, have X, have X at one's disposal
  Bizning kutubxonamiz ko'p nusxada qiziqarli kitoblarga egadir.
  Our library has a great number of interesting books.
  Jamoa katta mablag'larga ega.
  The collective has great reserves at its disposal.
  Bu narsa qanday ahamiyatga ega?
  Of what importance is this thing?
  NX+ga ~ emas be devoid of X
  Bu fikr hech qanday asosga ega emas.
  This assertion is devoid of any reason.
  NX+ga ~ bo'l- get, acquire X
  Mening singlim matematikadan yaxshi bilimga ega bo'lishga urinadi.
  My sister does her best to acquire good knowledge of mathematics.
egalik n ownership, possession
  egalik qil- own, possess
egalla- v.t own, possess; gain
  Bizning komandamiz uchinchi o'rinni egalladi.
  Our team gained the third place.
    occupy, take over
  egallab ol- take over
qarashli adj | NX+ga ~ belonging to X  
  Bu kitob mening dugonamga qarashli.
  This book belongs to my friend.
  U bizga qarashli odam.
  He is one of us.
qarashlilik n belongings
TAALLUQ n | NX NY+ga ~ bor X belong to Y, X pertain to Y Identity & Difference
  Menga taalluq bor.
  That pertains to me.
taalluqli adj | NX+ga ~ belonging to X, pertaining to X
TEG- v.int | NY+ga NX ~ (Y) receive X, (Y) get X Processes
Results
Copy & Adaptation
  Har bir kishiga qanchadan pul tegdi?
  How much money did each person receive?
  Xatingiz menga tegdi.
  I received your letter.
tegish n share, portion
  Bu puldan mening tegishimni ajratib bering!
  Give me my share of the money please!
tegishli adj | NX+ga ~ appropriate to X, relevant to X
    belonging to X
  Bu narsa menga tegishli.
  This belongs to me.
tegishlilik n belongings
ULUSH n share, part, allotment  
YON NX+ning ~+ida/dan/ga near X, beside X Distance
    on X, with X
  Yonimda 5000 so'm pulim bor.
  I have 5,000 som on me.
MOL n property, possessions, belongings Animals
Economy
    commodity, goods, articles, produce
  Bu mollar o'tmaydi.
  These goods have no market.
MULK n property  
  Bu mening mulkim.
  This is my property.
  Ular jamoat mulkini talon-toroj qiladilar.
  They are embezzling public property.
  xusisiy mulk private property
  Bu mening xususiy mulkim.
  This is my personal property.
mulkiy adj (of) property
mulkchilik n system of ownership
mulkdor n owner (of an enterprise, estate)
  mol-mulk property  
  Bu mening mol-mulkim.
  This is my property.
  yer-mulk property
xususiylashtir- v.t privatize  
xususiylashtirish n privatization
XAZINA n treasure  
  Davlat xazinasida pul ko'p.
  There is much money in the State Treasure.
xazinachi n treasurer
XO'JAYIN n master, owner Social Classes
Firms
Spouses & In-laws
  Bu kitoblarning xo'jayini kim?
  Who is the owner of these books?
    boss
    husband
       
BOY adj | NX+ga ~ rich (in X), wealthy (l/f)  
  Bizning vatanimiz turli xil foydali qazilmalarga boy.
  Our native land is rich in different minerals.
  Uning otasi boy.
  His father is rich.
  n wealthy person, squire
  o'ta boylar the very rich
boylik n wealth, riches, resources
  tabiiy boyliklar natural resources
boyit- v.t enrich
  Men doimo o'z so'z boyligimni boyitib boraman.
  I always enrich my vocabulary.
boyi- v.int | (NX hisobiga) ~ grow rich, become rich in X
  Monopolistlar harbiy buyurtmalar hisobiga boyimoqdalar.
  The monopolists become rich in military deliveries.
DUNYO n wealth Generosity
  Senga beradigan dunyoyim bormi?
  Have I so much that I can give some away?
  U dunyo topgan.
  He gained some wealth.
dunyoparast n greedy, grasping person
DAVLAT n wealth, riches, good fortune  
  Bu odamning davlati ko'p.
  This man has great wealth.
  Unga davlat yopishdi.
  He became prosperous.
davlatli adj wealthy, rich
badavlat adj wealthy, rich, prosperous
davlatmand adj wealthy, rich
puldor adj rich Money
MO'L adj abundant, plentiful, rich Quantity
  mo'l bo'l- be abundant
mo'llik
/ mo'lchilik
n abundance, profusion
SEROB adj abundant, plentiful Quantity
  serob bo'l- be abundant
serobgarchilik n abundance, profusion
TO'Q adj full, replete Vital Functions
Density
Light & Colors
    prosperous
  To'q turmush.
  Prosperous life.
to'qlik n satiety
    prosperity
FAROVON adj prosperous, abundant  
farovonlik n prosperity, well-being
farovonlash- v.int get prosperous, develop
SAODAT n happiness, well-being Emotions
saodatli adj happy, prosperous
  baxt-saodat happiness, well-being Emotions
  baxt-saodatli happy, prosperous
BARAKA n abundance, prosperity Religion
  NX+ga ~ ber- bless X
  NX+ga baraka qil- bless X
barakali adj prosperous, flourishing
barakasiz adj declining
gulla- v.int blossom, flourish (l/f) Botanics
OBOD
/ OBODON
adj prosperous, flourishing Construction
DABDABA n pomp, splendour, magnificence  
dabdabali adj splendid, magnificent
HASHAMAT n magnificence, splendour, lavishness Beauty
hashamatli adj magnificent, splendid, sumptuous, lavish
  o'rta yashaydiganlar the middle class  
  yaxshi yashaydiganlar the well-to-do
KAMBAG'AL n poor person  
  Kambag'allarga yordam berishimiz kerak.
  We must help the poor.
  adj | NX+ga ~ poor in X, needy, short of X (l/f)
kambag'allik n poverty, neediness
kambag'allash- v.int get poorer, become impoverished
FAQIR adj poor  
faqirlik n poverty
QASHSHOQ adj | NX+ga ~ poor(l/f) in X; wretched, poverty-striken  
  Sahro suvga qashshoq.
  The desert is poor in water.
qashshoqlik n poverty, wretechedness
  qashshoqlikka tush- fall on bad times, become impoverished
MUHTOJ adj needy, in need Necessity
muhtojlik n poverty (of X), neediness (for X)
bechora adj poor, pitiful, miserable Anxiety
bechoralik n poverty, misery
NOCHOR n, adj destitute, miserable
yo'qchilik n poverty, destitution  
XOR adj humble, poor, ruined  
  xor-zor humble, poor, ruined
  xor-zorlik poverty, ruine
DEVONA n beggar, poor man Health
GADO
/ GADOY
n beggar  
gadoylik n begging
ocharchilik n famine  
       
OL- v.t take Ability
Transfer
Prehension
Toilet
Media
Interest
Release
Exchange
  Bu kitobni oling!
  Take this book!
    obtain, get, acquire
    buy, purchase
  Sen televizor oldingmi?
  Have you purchased a television set?
olin- v.int | NX+dan ~ be taken, obtained, extracted from X
  Shakar qand davlagidan olinadi.
  Sugar is extracted from sugar-beet.
oldir- v.t | NY+ga NX+ni ~ cause Y to take / get X
  oldirib qo'y- lose
  NX+ni NY+dan olib qo'y- take away X from Y
  Opam xatni mendan olib qo'ydi.
  My sister took away the letter from me.
  NX+ni qabul qilib ol- take, collect Acceptance & Pardon
Invitation
Rules & Contracts
Organizations
Reflection
Medicine
  Manzura a'zolik badallarini qabul qilib oladi.
  Manzura collects the membership dues.
     
     
     
QOZON- v.t gain, win, obtain Results
  U xalq orasida shuhrat qozongan.
  He has won fame among the people.
o'zlashtir- v.t master, assimilate, acquire Learning
    take possession of
  NX+dan ~+ib ol- receive
  Bu maqola markaziy gazetalardan o'zlashtirib olingan.
  This article has been received from the central newspapers.
o'zlashtiril- v.int be acquired
  v.int | NX+dan ~ be loaned from X
  Bu so'z grek tilidan o'zlashtirilgan.
  This word is loaned from the Greek language.
  qo'lga kirit- seize, obtain, get  
BOS- bosib ol- grab, seize, capture, conquer Bodily Motion
Processes
Prints
Anxiety
Peace
Criminality
Victory & Defeat
Prehension
Processes
  Mening pulimni bosib oldi.
  He grabbed my money.
     
     
     
     
     
     
egalla- v.t own, possess; gain Possession
    occupy, take over
  egallab ol- take over
egallan- v.int be occupied, be taken over
TOP- v.t find, find out, discover, detect Reflection
Opinion
    gain, earn, get
  Har oyda u yuz ming so'm topadi.
  He earns 100,000 som a month.
  qidirib top- (search and) find
  izlab top- (search and) find
topish n earnings, gains
  (numX NY) pul ishlab top- earn (X Y(=currency)) money
topil- v.int be found, discovered, earned
YUT- v.t win Interest
Sport
  U bu shaxmat partiyasini yutdi.
  He has won this chess game.
  v.t | NX+dan ~ gain, benefit from X
  yutib ol- win, gain
  U shaxmatda ikkinchi partiyani ham yutib oldi.
  He won already the second game of chess.
yutqiz- v.t lose
yutqiziq n loss; failure
MEROS n heritage, inheritance, legacy  
  Bu meros ota-bobolarimizdan qolgan.
  This heritage was left by our forefathers.
  meros ol- inherit
  NX NY+ga NZ+dan ~bo'lib qol- (Y) inherit X from Z
  Bu oltin uzuk unga onasidan meros bo'lib qolgan.
  She has inherited this gold ring from her mother.
  NX NY+ni NZ+dan ~ qilib ol- (X) inherit Y from Z
  Bola bu qobiliyatni otasidan meros qilib olgan.
  The boy has inherited this ability from his father.
merosxo'r n heir
VORIS n heir, successor  
  voris bo'l- inherit
VASIYAT n testament, will  
  NX+ni NY+ga vasiyat qil- bequeath X to Y
vasiyatnoma n testament
YO'QOT- v.t lose Destruction
  Xoshim qalamimni yo'qotdi.
  Hashim lost my pencil.
    eliminate, abolish, put to an end
  yo'qotib yur- lose
  Bola do'im dastro'molini yo'qotib yuradi.
  The boy always loses his handkerchiefs.
  yo'qotib qo'y- lose
  Pulini yo'qotib qo'ydi.
  He lost his money.
  yo'qotish loss(es)
  NX+ni boy ber- lose X, waste X  
  Ukangiz pulini qimorga boy berdi.
  Your young brother has lost his money by gambling.
ayril- v.int | NX+dan ~ leave X Motion
Processes
    get separated from X, lose X
  O'nbesh yoshimda onamdan ayrildim.
  I lost my mother when I was fifteen.
AJRA- v.int | NX+dan ~ leave X, separate from X Groupings
Motion
Processes
Processes
Spouses & In-laws
Identity & Difference
Identity & Difference
Reflection
    get separated from X, lose X
ajral- v.int | NX+dan ~ get separated from X, lose X
  Kitobimdan ajraldim.
  I lost my book.
ajrat- v.t divide, split
    dispatch
ajratil- v.int | NX uchun ~ be reserved for X
  NX+ni NY+dan olib qo'y- put down, set down, lay down, take down, take off X from Y Release
Exchange
  NX+ni NY uchun olib qo'y- put by, put aside X for Y
  Bukinist bu kitobni men uchun olib qo'ydi.
  The second-hand bookseller has put by this book for me.
TASHLA- v.t throw, throw away Undertaking
Release
Will
Clothing
Motion
Solicitude
    abandon, cast aside
    give up, stop
  tashlab qo'y- abandon, cast aside, put aside, leave
tashlandi adj abandoned, neglected
tashlandiq n garbage, refuse
KECH- v.int | NX+dan ~ give up X, abandon X Horizontal Motion
Acceptance & Pardon
  Jonidan kechdi.
  He is ready to give up his life.
BER- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ give X to Y, hand X to Y, serve X to Y Evolution
Interest
Involvement
Honesty
  Ota bolaga olmani berdi.
  The father gave the child the apple.
  Sen kalitni mening akamga berib qo'ya olasanmi?
  Can you hand the key to my brother?
  Sizlarga kofe bersam maylimi?
  May I serve coffee to you?
    grant X to Y, award X to Y
  berib tur- lend
beril- v.int | NX+ni NY+ga ~ X be given Y; X be granted, awarded Y
  O'tgan yili unga "Sport ustasi" unvoni berildi.
  Last year he was awarded the rank "Master of Sports".
  Dokladchiga bir soat vaqt beriladi.
  One hour is given to the speaker.
  v.int | N(ish)X+ga ~ devote o.s. to X
  NX+ni NY+ga olib ber- pass Y to X  
  U kitobni menga olib bering!
  Pass me that book please!
UZAT- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ pass, hand over, give X to Y Transfer
Processes
Invitation
Motion with
Spouses & In-laws
  U narvonda turardi, xotini esa unga asbobni uzatardi.
  He was standing on the ladder, and his wife was handing him the instrument.
     
     
yetkaz- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ transmit, pass on, convey, hand over, deliver, furnish X to Y (l/f) Horizontal Motion
Informing
  Mening salomlarimni akangizga yetkazing.
  Convey my greetings to your brother.
  Buyruqni o'z hamkasblaringizga yetkazing.
  Hand over the order to your colleagues.
  NX+ni NY+ga ~+ib ber- pass on, deliver, supply X to Y, supply Y with X
  Univermag xaridorlarga xolodilnik yetkazib beradi.
  The general store supplies refrigerators to the clients.
  Bizning tumanimiz davlatga paxta yetkazib beradi.
  Our district supplies our country with raw cotton.
TOPSHIR- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ hand over, deliver X to Y Participation
  Maktab direktori eng yaxshi sinfga vimpel topshirdi.
  The head of the school handed to the best class a pennant.
  Bu paketni pochtaga topshiring!
  Deliver this packet to the post office!
  qo'lma-qo'l from hand to hand  
  n | NX+ni NY bilan ta'min et-/qil- supply X with Y  
  Biz uni pul bilan ta'min etishimiz kerak.
  We must supply her with money.
ta'minot n supplies
    guarantee
ta'minla- v.t | NX+ni NY bilan ~ supply, provide X with Y
  Bu elektr stansiyasi shaharni elektr quvvati bilan ta'minlaydi.
  This electric power station supplies the town with electrical energy.
  NX+ni NY+ga taqdim et-/qil- offer, present, donate X to Y Participation
SOVG'A n present, gift Urbanism
Trade
  Ushbu sovg'ani siz uchun keltirdim.
  I brought this present for you.
  sovg'a qil- give a present, a gift
  sovg'alar do'koni gift shop
HADYA n present, gift, donation  
  U hadya keltirdi.
  He brought a present.
  NX+ni NY+ga hadya qil- make Y a present, a gift of X, make donation of X to Y; endow Y with X
  Odamlar o'z mablag'larini bolalar kasalxonasiga hadya qildilar.
  The people endowed a children hospital.
  Respublikamiz mehnatkashlari pullarini "Sog'lom avlod uchun" jamg'armasiga hadya qilmoqdalar.
  The working people of our republic make donation of money to the fund "Soglom avlod uchun".
TORTIQ n present, gift  
TUHFA n present, gift  
IN'OM n present, gift  
BAG'ISHLA- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ dedicate X to Y  
  Yozuvchi o'z romanini yoshlarga bag'ishlagan.
  The writer dedicated his novel to the youth.
  beg'araz yordam humanitarian aid  
IJARA n rent Housing
  ijaraga ber- let, rent out
  Ijaraga beradigan uyingiz bormi?
  Have you a room to let?
  ijaraga qo'y- let, rent out
  NX+ni NY+dan/+nikida ~+ga ol- rent, hire X by Y, lease X from Y
  O'tgan yozda u shu kishinikida xonani ijaraga olgan.
  Last summer he has rented a room by this man.
  Biz undan uchastkasini uch yilga ijaraga oldik.
  We have leased a piece of land from him.
  ijaraga o'tir- rent (a house)
  ijara haqi rent (money)
  Bu uyning ijara haqi qancha?
  What is the rent of this house?
ijarachi n hirer out, renter out
    hirer, renter, tenant
ijarador n hirer, renter, tenant
KIRA
/ YO'LKIRA
n charge, fare, fee (vehicle) Travel
Money
  Qancha kirasi olasiz?
  How much do you charge?
  kiraga ber- hire out (vehicle)
  Bu avtomobilni kiraga berdim.
  I hired out this car.
  kiraga ol- hire (vehicle)
  Yozda men kiraga mashina olmoqchiman.
  I want to hire a car for summer.
  Bu avtomobilni kiraga oldim.
  I hired this car.
BO'L- v.t separate Groupings
Whole & Parts
Processes
  NX+ni NY+ga bo'lib ber- distribute X to Y, share X among Y
     
TAQSIM n distribution Whole & Parts
Utilization
  NX+ni NY+ga taqsim qil- distribute X to Y, divide X by Y
  Bu kitoblarni besh kishiga taqsim qilib bering.
  Distribute these books to five people.
taqsimla- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ distribute X to Y, divide X by Y
taqsimlan- v.int | NX+ga ~ be distributed among X
tarqat- v.t disperse, scatter, spread, spread out Processes
  v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ distribute X to Y, hand X among Y
  O'qituvchi o'quvchilarga daftarlarni tarqatdi.
  The teacher distributed the note-books to the pupils.
  Tarbiyachi bolalarga o'yinchoqlarni tarqatdi.
  The kindergarten teacher handed the toys among the children.
ULASH- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ distribute X to Y, share X between Y, divide equally X among Y  
  Ona o'z bolalariga tort ulashyapti.
  The motheris is distributing the cake to her children.
tarat- v.t scatter, disperse, spread out Processes
  v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ distribute X to Y
qaytar- v.t send back, return Horizontal Motion
Frequency
Will
  NX+ni NY+ga ~+ib ber- send back, give back, return X to Y
  Iltimos, kitobimni menga qaytarib ber.
  Please give me back my book.
  qaytarib ol- get back
almashtir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ change X for Y, exchange X(= money, etc.) for Y Change
Money
  Biz ikki xonali kvartiramizni uch xonali kvartiraga almashtirmoqchimiz.
  We want to exchange our two-room flat for a three-room flat.
  O'zbek pulini Angliya puliga almashtirdim.
  I changed the Uzbek money into English money.
ALISHTIR- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ change X for Y, exchange X for Y  
  Maktab o'quvchilari hammavaqt o'zaro pochta markalarini alishtiradilar.
  The pupils exchange always the stamps between themselves.
AYIRBOSH n exchange Change
  NX+ni NY+ga ayirbosh qil- exchange X for Y
ayirboshla- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ exchange X for Y
  Men ispancha markani fransuzcha markaga ayirboshlab oldim.
  I have exchanged a Spanish stamp for a French one.
  ayirboshlash exchange, barter

Work and Production

ISH n matter, affair, business, thing Action
Entities & Events
Industry
Forces
Trade
Production
Urbanism
    work, job, task
  Ishim boshimdan ortib yotibdi.
  I am swamped with work.
  ishga bor- go to work
  ishdan chiq- go off work
  ish kuni working day
  ish qil- do work
  Zap ish qildingiz!
  You've done very well!
  ish axtar- seek job
  ishdan bo'shat- dismiss, lay off
ishli adj employed, having a job
ishsiz adj unemployed
ishsizlik n unemployment
ishla- v.int work
  NX ustida ~ work at X
  Yozuvchi bu kitob ustida bir necha yil ishlagan.
  The writer worked several years at this book.
ishchi n worker, workman
ishxona n office
    workshop
YUMUSH n work, job, task Action
MEHNAT n work, labour Industry
  Uning mehnatini taqdirlaymiz.
  We appreciate his work.
  mehnat qil- work
  Mehnat qilsang, rohat topasan.
  If you work you will find pleasure.
mehnatsiz adj without working
mehnatkash n labourer, worker
XIZMAT n service Utilization
Occupations
  Xizmatingizga tayyorman.
  I am at your service.
    work, labour; job
  xizmatga bor- go to work
  xizmatdan tush- go off work
  xizmatga ol- appoint, hire
  xizmatdan chiqar- dismiss
  NX+ga ~ ko'rsat- serve X, render service to X
  Styuardessa yo'lovchilarga xizmat ko'rsatadi.
  The stewardess serves the passengers.
  NX+ga xizmat qil- serve X
  NX+da xizmat qil- work at X
  Mening do'stim tuman gazetasida xizmat qiladi.
  My friend works in a district newspaper.
  Men bu idorada xizmat qilaman.
  I work in this office.
  qora xizmat dirty work
xizmatchi n employee, service worker
    servant
xizmatdosh n colleague, fellow worker
xizmatkor n servant
MARDIKOR n day labourer, casual labourer  
HAMKOR n colleague, fellow-worker Participation
  Hamkorim idorada emas.
  My colleague is not at the office.
    collaborator
  U gazetamizning hamkori.
  He is a collaborator on our paper.
HASHAR n mutual help, collective work Participation
AGENT n agent  
agentlik n agency
HUNAR n craft, handicraft, profession, trade Ability
Science
Industry
  Qanday hunaringiz bor?
  What is your profession?
    skill, talent
hunarmand n craftsman, artisan
hunarmandlik n handicrafts
hunarmandchilik n craft industry
QO'LHUNAR n handicrafts  
  qo'l mehnati handicrafts (handmade)  
QO'LBOLA adj handmade  
    home-made
USTA n foreman, master worker Learning
Ability
     
SHOGIRD n apprentice Learning
  Usta shogirdlariga ta'lim beryapti.
  The craftsman is training his pupils.
shogirdlik n apprenticeship
KASB n profession, occupation, speciality Industry
  Kasbingiz nima?
  What is your profession?
kasbiy adj professional, occupational
hamkasb n of the same trade, occupation
kasbdosh n of the same trade, occupation
KOSIB n craftsman, artisan
kosibchilik n craft industry
KASABA n profession, trade
  kasaba birlashmasi trade union
  kasaba uyushmasi trade union
       
ishla- v.t work (material) Action
Work
Forces
Trade
  NX+ni ishlab chiqar- produce X
  Bu zavod traktor ishlab chiqaradi.
  This plant produces tractors.
  ishlab chiqarish production
  Sanoatning ishlabchiqarish ishlariga e'tibor berishimiz kerak.
  We must give our attention to the question of industrial productivity.
  ishlab chiqaril- be produced
  ishlab chiqaruvchi producer
yetishtir- v.t bring up (children); breed, raise (animals) Learning
yetishtiril- v.int be brought up (children); be bred, raised (animals)
RESURS n resource  
  resurslar resources
ZAXIRA n stock, reserve  
ZAPAS n stock, reserve, supply  
XOM adj unripe Cooking
Botanics
    raw
  xom ashyo raw materials
  xom mollar raw materials
ASHYO
(ashyo+i)
n materials, goods  
MATERIAL n materials Matter
Learning
     
HOSIL n harvest, crop Agriculture
Circumstance & Causality
  hosil qil- produce, create, build
  Bu yerda bir uy hosil qilish kerak.
  It is necessary to built a house here.
hosilot n production, harvest
hosildor adj productive
MAHSUL n produce, product, result
mahsulot n output, production, yield, product
  Bu yil paxta maydonlaridan ko'p paxta mahsuloti oldik.
  We got a heavy yield of cotton from the cotton fields this year.
mahsuldor adj productive
mahsuldorlik n productivity
unum n harvest, yield; output Agriculture
  Bu yil paxtadan yaxshi unum oldik.
  This year we got a good harvest from the cotton crop.
  Ular mehnat unumini o'sdirish uchun harakat etmoqdalar.
  They are trying to raise productivity.
unumli adj fertile (land); productive
unumsiz adj infertile, barren (land); unproductive
unumdor adj fertile (land); productive
unumdorlik n productivity
       
SHIRKAT n company, firm, cooperative society  
  Bu mamlakatda tijorat shirkatlari ko'p.
  There are many trading companies in this country.
KOMPANIYA n company  
FIRMA n firm  
KORXONA n enterprise, business  
  n | NX ~+lari the X industry
korxonachi n entrepreneur
FILIAL n subsidiary company  
bo'lim n section, unit, department, division  
XO'JAYIN n master, owner Social Classes
Possession
Spouses & In-laws
    boss
  n | xo'jayinlik qil- manage (household) affairs, be the boss
MUDIR n director, manager, head  
  Bu idoraning mudiri kim?
  Who is the director of this establishment?
  Magazin mudiri keldi.
  The shop manager has come.
mudirlik n direction, management
  mudirlik qil- manage, head
DIREKTOR n director  
BOSHQAR- v.t manage, direct, be in charge of; rule over Transport
  Muhandis Alimov radio to'garakni boshqaradi.
  The engineer Alimov directs the radio circle.
  Leyboristlar hukumati mamlakatni boshqarmoqda.
  The Labour government rules now the country.
  U bu ishni boshqardi.
  He directed this work.
boshqaruv n management
boshqaruvchi n manager, director
boshqarma n department
  Boshqarma boshligi keldi.
  The head of the department came.
MENEJER n manager  
MENEJMENT n management
IDORA n office, agency, unit, department  
  Bu idoraning boshlig'i kim?
  Who is in charge of this office?
  U militsiya idorasiga ketdi.
  He went to the police station.
  idora qil- manage, run, administer, supervise
  Xalqni hukumat idora qiladi.
  The government rules the people.
idoraviy adj administrative
idorachilik n administration
MUASSASA n institute, institution, office  
OFIS n office  
BYURO n bureau, office  
XODIM n personnel member, office worker, associate  
  Idora xodimlari o'z vaqtida ishga yetib keldilar.
  The office workers came to work at the right time.
AMAL n post, position, job Action
Undertaking
Administration
Occupations
  Men bu idorada bir amal oldim.
  I got a job in this office.
amalparast n careerist, self-seeker
amaldor n official, civil servant
MANSAB n official position, post, rank Administration
  Qanday mansabingiz bor?
  What is your job?
LAVOZIM n (high) function, position, post  
KADR n expert, cadre  
YOLLA- v.t hire, recruit, employ  
yollan- v.int be hired, recruited, employed
yollanma adj hired, recruited, employed
yollanuvchi n employer
  NX+ni NY+ga tayin qil-/et- appoint X to Y  
  NX+ga tayin qilin-/etil- be appointed to X
  U bu vazifaga tayin etildi.
  He was appointed to this job.
tayinla- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ appoint X to Y
  v.t | NX+ni NY qilib ~ appoint X to Y
  Uni maktab direktori qilib tayinladilar.
  He has been appointed as a head-master.
tayinlan- v.int | NX+ga ~ be appointed to X
chiqar- v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ dismiss, remove, expel X from Y Horizontal Motion
Life
Processes
     
     
bo'sh- v.int | NX+dan ~ resign from X(=work, post, office) Density
bo'shat- v.int | NX+ni NY+dan ~ remove X from Y(=work, post, office)
  Direktor uni xizmatdan bo'shatdi.
  The director has dismissed him from service.
ISTE'FO n resignation  
  iste'fo ber- hand in one's resignation
  Fransiya hukumati iste'fo berdi.
  The French government resigned.
  iste'foga chiq- hand in one's resignation
  ish tashla- strike, go on strike  
  Ko'pgina mamlakatlarda ishchilar narx-navo oshirilishiga qarshi, ish haqi oshirilishi uchun ish tashlaydilar.
  The workers in many countries strike against the rise in prices, for higher pay.
  Ishchilar ish tashladilar.
  The workers went on strike.
  ish tashlash strike
  ish tashlovchi striker
ZABASTOVKA n strike  
zabastovkachi n striker
       
DEHQON n farmer, peasant, farm-worker Social Classes
dehqonchilik n agriculture, cultivation, farming
  qishloq xo'jaligi agriculture  
FERMER n farmer  
kolxozchi n kolkhoz worker, farmer  
DALA n field  
  dala ishlari cultivation of fields
POLIZ n field, plantation, vegetable garden  
TOMORQA n small garden, plot  
bug'doylik n wheatfield  
sholipoya n paddy field  
g'o'zapoya n cotton field  
paxtachilik n cotton growing  
paxtakor n cotton grower
paxtazor n cotton field
  paxta terimchi cotton picker  
  oq oltin cotton Crops
qovunlik n melon field  
mevazor n orchard  
  mevali bog' fruit garden, orchard  
olmazor n apple orchard  
shaftolizor n peach orchard  
uzumzor n vineyard  
tokzor n vineyard  
ipakchi n silkworm breeder Fabrics & Sewing
ipakchilik n sericulture, silkworm breeding
tutzor n mulberry orchard  
  yer och- clear land  
SOCH- v.t sow Processes
EK- v.t sow, plant  
  Biz bu yil ko'proq paxta ekamiz.
  This year we are going to plant more cotton.
ekil- v.int be sown, be planted
ekin n sowing
    crop
  ekinlar crops
  Ekinlar yaxshi osyaptilar.
  The crops are growing well.
ekinzor n plant, plantation
TIK- v.t plant Fabrics & Sewing
Buildings & Works
Vision
  U daraxt tikyapti.
  He is planting a tree.
tikil- v.int be planted
JO'YAK n furrow  
  yer hayda- plough  
HOSIL n harvest, crop Production
  Bu yil sabzavot va mevalar hosili mo'l bo'ldi.
  The vegetables and fruits harvest is rich this year.
  NX+dan ~ ol- harvest
  Ular paxtadan ko'p hosil olish uchun kurashmoqdalar.
  They are striving to get a large harvest from the cotton crop.
  mo'l hosil good harvest
hosilot n production, harvest
hosildor adj productive
unum n harvest, yield; output Production
  Bu yil paxtadan yaxshi unum oldik.
  This year we got a good harvest from the cotton crop.
  Ular mehnat unumini o'sdirish uchun harakat etmoqdalar.
  They are trying to raise productivity.
unumli adj fertile (land); productive
unumsiz adj infertile, barren (land); unproductive
unumdor adj fertile (land); productive
unumdorlik n productivity
  yig'im-teg'im harvest  
o'rmonchi n forester  
CHORVA n livestock  
chorvachi n animal breeder, herder
chorvachilik n animal breeding, husbandry
chorvador n herd owner
YAYLOV n summer pasture Lands
o'tloq n pasture, range Plants
Lands
     
O'R- v.t mow, cut (grass) Tools & Furnitures
  U o'tni o'roq bilan o'radi.
  She mows the grass with the sickle.
o'roq n sickle
o'rim n mowing, reaping, harvest
CHO'PON n shepherd  
qo'ychivon n shepherd  
YILQIBOQAR n horse herder  
podachi n cowherd  
tuyakash n camel driver  
  mol boqar cowherd, cattle-drover Attention
boquvchi n herder
  mol boquvchi cowherd, cattle-drover
OG'IL n barn  
molxona n sheepfold, cowshed, barn  
otxona n stable, barn  
yem n fodder, food (for animals) Food
Vital Functions
     
SOG'- v.t milk  
  Keksa ayol sigirni sog'di.
  The old woman milked the cow.
OV n hunt  
  ovga chiq- go hunting
  Men ovga chiqdim.
  I went hunting.
  ov qil- hunt
  Men ov qildim.
  I hunted.
ovla- v.t hunt (animals)
  Kecha biz tulki ovladik.
  Yesterday we have hunted a fox.
  ovlash hunt
ovchi n hunter
MERGAN n hunter, huntsman Military
  baliq ovi fishing  
  baliq ovla- fish
  baliq tut- fish
baliqchi n fisherman
baliqchilik n fishing
termachilik n gathering  
FERMA n farm Urbanism
xo'jalik n farm, household Social Classes
Economy
  Har bir xo'jalik bir uyga ega bo'lishi kerak.
  Every family must own a house.
KOLXOZ n (collective) farm, kolkhoz  
SOVXOZ n state farm, sovkhoz  
SUG'OR- v.t water, irrigate Vital Functions
Purity & Humidity
Water & Air
  Dehqon paxta maydonlarini sug'ormoqda.
  The farm-worker is irrigating the cotton fields.
  sug'orish irrigation
sug'oril- v.int be irrigated
IRRIGATSIYA n irrigation  
QUDUQ n well  
ARIQ n (irrigation) canal, ditch  
  Cho'llarni sug'orish uchun ariq qoziymiz.
  We will dig canals to irrigate the steppes.
ANHOR n small river Waters
    irrigation canal
KANAL n canal Roads
Media
     
TO'G'ON n dam, dyke  
O'G'IT n fertilizer, manure  
  Dehqon yerga o'g'it solyapti.
  The farmer is putting manure on the land.
  o'g'it ber- fertilize
o'g'itla- v.t fertilize
  Dehqonlar dalalarni ohak bilan o'g'itlaydilar.
  The peasants fertilize the fields with lining.
OMOCH n plough, plow Tools & Furnitures
PLUG n plough, plow Tools & Furnitures
TRAKTOR n tractor  
KOMBAYN n combine harvester  
TEGIRMON n mill  
       
SANOAT n industry Food
  og'ir sanoat heavy industry
  oziq-ovqat sanoati food industry, farm-produce industry
  yengil sanoat light industry
sanoatlash- v.int become industrialized
sanoatchi n manufacturer, industrialist
INDUSTRIAL adj industrial  
INDUSTRIYA n industry
ZAVOD n factory Urbanism
FABRIKA n factory Urbanism
ustaxona n workshop  
remontxona n repair shop Urbanism
OMBOR n warehouse, storehouse, reservoir Urbanism
omborchi n warehouseman
  elektr stansiyasi power station / plant  
  yadro stansiyasi nuclear power station
KON n | NX ~+i X mine, deposit of X, X bed Industry
  Germaniyada past navli toshko'mir konlari ko'p.
  There are rich brown-coal-beds in Germany.
  U ko'mir konida ishlaydi.
  He works in a coal mine.
  kon ishchi miner
konchi n miner
konchilik n mining industry
SHAXTA n mine, pit  
SHAXTYOR n miner
  gaz maydoni gas field  
  neft maydoni oilfield
neftchi n oil worker  
ishchi n worker, workman Work
Industry
  kon ishchi miner
  qora ishchi labourer, unskilled worker
mehnatkash n labourer, worker Work
TEXNIK n technician, mechanic Science
dasturlovchi n programmer Media
INJENER n engineer Science
injenerlik n engineering
MUHANDIS n engineer  
hunarmand n craftsman, artisan Work
KOSIB n craftsman, artisan Work
    shoemaker
remontchi n repairer, restorer  
soatsoz n watchmaker Appliances
qulfchi n locksmith Appliances
ZARGAR n jeweler, goldsmith Finery
temirchi n blacksmith  
yog'ochchi n carpenter  
yamoqchi n cobbler  
MEXANIK n mechanic  
ELEKTROMEXANIK n electrician  
binokor n builder Buildings
quruvchi n builder, constructor (l/f) Construction
Buildings & Works
     
bo'yoqchi n (house) painter Fabrics & Sewing
Tools & Furnitures
Occupations
     
     
  g'isht teruvchi mason, bricklayer, builder Buildings & Works
DURADGOR n carpenter Buildings & Works
bog'bon n gardener Green Areas
       
to'qimachi n weaver Fabrics & Sewing
gilamchi n carpet, rug weaver  
tikuvchi n dressmaker, taylor Fabrics & Sewing
CHEVAR n seamstress, dressmaker Fabrics & Sewing
etikdo'z n shoemaker Clothing
qalpoqdo'z n hatter Clothing
do'ppido'z n maker of skullcaps Clothing
gazlamafurush n draper, clothier Fabrics & Sewing
bo'yoqchi n dyer Fabrics & Sewing
Tools & Furnitures
Industry
     
     
       
SHOFYOR n driver, chauffeur Transport
haydovchi n driver Transport
Bodily Motion
     
uchuvchi n pilot (plane) Transport
STYUARDESSA n stewardess Transport
dengizchi n sailor, seaman Transport
KAPITAN n captain Transport
  temir yo'lchi railway worker Vehicles
Transport
     
POCHTALYON n postman Communication
pochtachi n post office worker, mailman Communication
YUGURDAK n courier, messenger Communication
radiochi n wireless operator  
aloqachi n communications worker Communication
ARXITEKTOR n architect Buildings & Works
Art
     
ME'MOR n architect Buildings & Works
       
ISHBILARMON n businessman  
BIZNESMEN n businessman Business
savdogar n merchant, trader, businessman Business
birjachi n stockbroker Trade
sotuvchi n salesperson, seller Business
bozorchi n stallholder Trade
magazinchi n shop assistant, salesclerk Trade
do'konchi n shopkeeper Trade
do'kondor n shopkeeper
BAQQOL n small trader, grocer Trade
yoymachi n street pedlar Trade
NOVVOY n baker Meals
QASSOB n butcher Meals
ko'kchi n vegetable seller  
shakarpaz n confectioner Sweets
qandolatchi n confectioner Sweets
kabobpaz n kebab seller Food
o'tinfurush n seller of firewood  
gulchi n florist  
ATTOR n perfumer Finery
  kitob sotuvchi bookseller  
  ko'zoynak mutaxassis optician  
oshpaz n cook Cooking
Food
     
SARTAROSH n hairdresser, barber Toilet
MANIKURCHI n manicurist  
DALLOL n broker, middleman Business
KONSULTANT n consultant Participation
maslahatchi n adviser; consultant, counselor Participation
xizmatchi n employee, service worker Work
    servant
xizmatkor n servant
  xizmatkor ayol maid
choyxonachi n tea house worker Urbanism
Meals
     
samovarchi n tea house worker  
CHOPAR n courier  
  sayohat agent travel agent  
  yo'l boshlovchi tour guide Tourism
GID n tourist guide Tourism
OFITSIANT n waiter  
ofitsiantka n waitress
HAMMOL n porter  
saroyvon n hotel-keeper Urbanism
FARROSH n janitor, streetsweeper  
       
KASSIR n cashier Business
hisobchi n bookkeeper, accountant Finance
BUXGALTER n accountant, bookkeeper  
KOTIB n secretary  
  Kotib yozuv ishlari bilan mashg'ul.
  The secretary is busy with paper-work.
kotiba n secretary (female)
kotiblik n secretarial work
MASHINISTKA n typist (female)  
yordamchi n assistant, auxiliary Participation
ko'makchi n assistant Participation
BANKIR n banker Finance
amaldor n official, civil servant Administration
Firms
     
MA'MUR n official, administrator Administration
INSPEKTOR n inspector  
sudya n judge Justice Enforcement
ADVOKAT n lawyer, attorney Justice Enforcement
oqlovchi n lawyer Justice Enforcement
politsiyachi n policeman Justice Enforcement
harbiy n regular soldier Military
bojgir n customs officer Finance
       
DOKTOR n doctor Medicine
Science
  ko'z doktori occulist
  mol doktori veterinarian
  tish doktori dentist
shifokor n doctor; healer Medicine
Medicine
     
VRACH n doctor Medicine
TABIB n doctor (traditional medicine) Medicine
JARROH n surgeon Medicine
XIRURG n surgeon Medicine
HAMSHIRA n nurse Medicine
SANITAR n medical orderly Medicine
dorigar n pharmacist, chemist Medicine
aptekachi n pharmacist, chemist Medicine
       
nashriyotchi n publisher Prints
MUXBIR n correspondent, journalist Prints
gazetachi n journalist Prints
    newspaper seller
jurnalist n journalist Prints
axborotchi n journalist  
    intelligence personnel
kutubxonachi n librarian Prints
o'qituvchi n teacher, lecturer Learning
Learning
     
MUALLIM n teacher Learning
  Muallim bolalarga dars beradi.
  The teacher is teaching the children.
DOMLA n professor, teacher, master Learning
PROFESSOR n professor Learning
izlanuvchi n researcher, research worker Science
  ilmiy xodim scientific worker, research worker Science
TARJIMON n translator, interpreter Language
       
boshlovchi n (TV, radio) host Evolution
Media
     
yozuvchi n writer, author, letter writer Litterature
Language
     
FOTOGRAF n photographer Media
san'atchi n artist Art
ARTIST n artist, actor, actress, movie star Music
AKTYOR n actor Music
AKTRISA n actress
rasmchi n artisan-painter, photographer Art
RASSOM n painter, artist
suratchi n artisan-painter, photographer Art
haykaltarosh n sculpter, carver Art
musiqachi n musician Music
muzikachi n musician
sozchi n musician Music
SOZANDA n musician (playing, traditional)
ashulachi n singer (modern songs) Music
HOFIZ n singer (traditional songs) Music
XONANDA n singer (traditional songs) Music
qo'shiqchi n singer Music
RAQQOS n dancer Music
raqqosa n dancer (female)
qiziqchi n clown Music

Economy

IQTISOD n economy Science
Business
  iqtisod fani economics
  iqtisod qil- economize, save
  Bu yil necha dollar iqtisod qildingiz?
  How many dollars have you saved this year?
iqtisodiy adj economic
iqtisodchi n economist
  adj economical, frugal, thrifty
EKONOMIK n economic Science
ekonomika n economics
EKONOMIST n economist
EKONOMIYA n economy
XO'JA n lord, master Social Classes
Agriculture
xo'jalik n economy
  Mamlakat xo'jaligini qaytadan tiklash uchun kurashmoqdamiz.
  We are striving to restore the economy of the country.
  xalq xo'jaligi national economy
xo'jasizlik n carelessness, mismanagement
xo'jasizlarcha ad carelessly, mismanaged
KAPITAL n capital Politics
kapitalist n capitalist
kapitalistik adj capitalist
kapitalizm n capitalism
MABLAG' n capital, sum of money  
  Bizning mablag'imiz bir million dollar.
  Our capital is one million dollars.
MOLIYA n finance  
  Moliya ministrligi davlatning pul siyosatiga javobgardir.
  The Finance Ministry is responsible for the financial policy of the Government.
moliyaviy adj financial
MOL n property, possessions, belongings Animals
Possession
    commodity, goods, articles, produce
  Bu mollar o'tmaydi.
  These goods have no market.
TOVAR n commodity, goods  
BUYUM n thing(s), articles (for use), goods Entities & Events
Tools
  Keng iste'mol buyumlari yetishmaydi.
  Consumer goods are in short supply.
  Mening buyumlarim qani?
  Where are my things?
MARKA n trade mark Communication
Money
markali adj | NX ~ X trade mark
REKLAMA n advertisement, ad  
  reklama qil- advertise
E'LON n announcement, declaration; advertisement Informing
       
PUL n money Wealth
Generosity
  Bu kitob necha pul turadi?
  How much does this book cost?
  NX uchun numY NZ ~ pay Y Z for X
  NX+ning ~+ini to'la- pay for X
pullik adj not free, which one must pay for
pulsiz adj without money, penniless
    free
bepul adj gratis, free
    not having money
pulparast n moneygrubbing, grasping person
puldor adj rich
LOY n dough, cash Buildings & Works
Minerals
     
NAQD adj cash  
  naqd ber- pay in cash
  Men uning haqini naqd berdim.
  I gave him his share in cash.
  naqd to'la- pay in cash
  naqd ol- receive in cash
  naqd pul cash
  Men unga naqd pul berdim.
  I gave him cash.
QAYTIM n change  
  mayda pul (small) change  
  Mayda pulim yo'q.
  I have no change.
USHAT- v.t change (small money) Processes
  Uning pulini ushatib berdim.
  I gave him change for his money.
SO'M n som, rouble  
  numX ~ (pul) (amount of) X som
  Bu yil bir million so'mga yaqin daromad oldik.
  This year we got a profit close on a million som.
  Unga sakson ming so'm pul berdim.
  I gave him 80,000 som.
so'mlik
/ so'mli
adj | numX ~ worth X som
TIYIN n cent, kopeck  
tiyinlik
/ tiyinli
adj | numX ~ worth X tiyin
TANGA n coin(s), silver coin  
CHAQA n small change, copper coins  
BANKNOT n bank note  
VALUTA n (foreign) currency  
DOLLAR n dollar  
YURO n euro  
RUBL n rouble  
FUNT n pound  
MARKA n mark Communication
Economy
     
KURS n | (ayirbosh) kurs(+i) (exchange) rate Learning
almashtir- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ change X for Y, exchange X(= money, etc.) for Y Change
Exchange
  Biz ikki xonali kvartiramizni uch xonali kvartiraga almashtirmoqchimiz.
  We want to exchange our two-room flat for a three-room flat.
  O'zbek pulini Angliya puliga almashtirdim.
  I changed the Uzbek money into English money.
  pul almashtirish do'koni foreign exchange office, change
BAHO n price, value, worth Value
  Sabzavot va mevalarning bahosi tushdi.
  The prices of vegetables and fruits have receded.
  Buning bahosi qancha?
  How much does this cost?
    grade, evaluation, mark
  NX+ga (AY) (N(ish)Z+ga qarab) ~ ber- evaluate X (as Y), appraise X, give a reference to X, judge X (by Z)
  O'qituvchi o'quvchilarga ularning o'zlashtirishiga qarab baho beradi.
  The teacher judges the pupils by their progress.
  Tanqidchi filmga yaxshi baho berdi.
  The critic gave a good reference to the film.
  Bu odamga qanday baho berasiz?
  What do you think of this man?
  NX+ga ~ qo'y- price X, value X
  Bu uyga baho qo'yildi.
  This house has been valued.
  baho ko'tar- raise the price
  baho pasaytir- lower the price
  baho tushir- lower the price
  qat'iy baho set price
baholi adj costly, expensive
bahosiz adj priceless, invaluable
bebaho adj priceless, invaluable
bahola- v.t fix the price
    evaluate, estimate
  Ularning munosabatlarini u to'g'ri baholadi.
  He has rightly estimated their relations.
baholash- v.int bargain over, haggle
NARX n price, cost  
  Unning narxi oshdi.
  The price of flour has risen.
  narx+i ko'tar- raise the price
  Kapitalistlar oziq-ovqatlar narxini sun'iy ko'taradilar.
  The capitalists raise artificially the prices of food products.
  narx+i tushir- lower the price
KIRA
/ YO'LKIRA
n charge, fare, fee (vehicle) Travel
Exchange
  Qancha kirasi olasiz?
  How much do you charge?
  kira haqi fare
  yo'l haqi fare Travel
QIYMAT n cost, value, price  
  Bu molning qiymati qancha?
  How much does this thing cost?
TUR- v.int | NY+ga NX ~ cost X(=price, money) to Y Immobility
Evolution
Frequency
Location
Housing
Character
  Bu sayohat senga qimmat turmaydi.
  This travel will not cost you very much.
  Bu qovun qancha turadi?
  How much is this melon?
     
QIMMAT n value, worth Value
  adj | (bahosi) qimmat expensive, costly
  Ko'ylaklarning bahosi qimmat.
  The price of shirts is high.
QIMMATBAHO adj valuable, precious
ARZON adj cheap, low (price)  
arzonlash- v.int get cheaper, go down in price
arzonlashtir- v.t lower, reduce the price of, give a discount on
  arzonlashtirish discount, rebate
CHEGIR- v.t discount  
chegirma n discount
  chegirma ber- give a discount
TEKIN adj free (of charge), gratis  
  Bu qalamni sizga tekinga beraman.
  I give you this pencil free of charge.
  U mol tekin.
  This article is free.
tekinlik n the state of being free
PASAY- v.int lower, decrease, come down Size
  pasayish down in price
pasaytir- v.t lower, decrease
MAOSH n salary, pay, earnings  
  U maoshini oldi.
  He received his salary.
  ish haq+i pay, wages Justice
  Ular ish haqini oldilar.
  They received their pay.
  xizmat haq+i salary
oylik n monthly salary Time Units
NAFAQA n benefit, grant, allowance, alimony  
nafaqachi n beneficiary, grantee
nafaqaxo'r n pensioner, retired (person)
PENSIYA n pension  
  pensiyaga chiq- retire
PENSIONER n pensioner, retired (person)
INFLATSIYA n inflation  
       
SAVDO n trade, trading, commerce, business Occupations
  Savdo ishlari bormoqda.
  Trade is going on well.
  NX bilan savdo qil- trade with X, conduct business with X
  Polsha O'zbekiston bilan savdo qiladi.
  Poland trades with Uzbekiston.
    trade in X
  Bu kooperativ mevalar bilan savdo qiladi.
  This cooperative trades in fruits.
savdolash- v.int | NX haqida ~ bargain over X, haggle about X
  Xaridor narx haqida savdolashmoqda.
  The customer haggles about the price.
savdogar n merchant, trader, businessman
savdogarlik
/ savdogarchilik
n business, trade
TIJORAT n trade, commerce, business  
BIZNES n business Occupations
BIZNESMEN n businessman
SOT- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga (NZ+dan) ~ sell, offer for sale X to Y (at the price of Z) Honesty
Occupations
  Bir ayol unga kilosi 10 so'mdan olma sotdi.
  A woman sold him apples for 10 so'm a kilo.
  Savdogar mollarini sotyapti.
  The trader is selling his goods.
    sell out, betray
  sotish sales
  NX+ni NY+ga / NY uchun sotib ol- buy, shop, purchase X for Y
  Men bu koptokni ukamga sotib oldim.
  I have bought this ball for my young brother.
  Men ko'ylak sotib oldim.
  I bought a shirt.
  sotib oluvchi buyer, purchaser
  arzon sot- sell for cheap
  qimmat sot- sell at a high price
sotil- v.int be sold
sotiq n selling, sale, trade
sotuv n sale
  sotuvda bor on sale, for sale
sotuvchi n salesperson, seller
  savdo-sotiq buying and selling; business, trade  
KO'TARA n wholesale  
  ko'tara savdo wholesale
CHAKANA n retail  
  chakana savdo retail business
  chetdan mol kirit- import  
  chetga mol chiqar- export
keltir- v.t | NX+ni NY+dan ~ import X from Y Horizontal Motion
Transfer
Circumstance & Causality
  Angliya o'zi uchun kerak bo'lgan mahsulotlarini ko'p qismini boshqa mamlakatlardan keltiradi.
  England imports the most part of the products it needs from other countries.
IMPORT n, adj import  
XARID n purchase  
  Bu gilamning xarid narxi qancha?
  What is the purchase price of this carpet?
  xarid qil- shop, buy; go shopping
XARIDOR n customer, purchaser, buyer
ISTE'MOL n use; consumption Utilization
  Keng iste'mol mollari yetishmaydi.
  Consumer goods are in short supply.
  iste'mol qil- make use of; consume
  Kitobingizni iste'mol qildim.
  I made use of your book.
iste'molchi n consumer
TO'LA- v.t pay (money)  
  Men qarzimni to'ladim.
  I paid my debt.
    pay back, compensate
  NY+ga NX ~ pay X(=money) for Y
  v.t | NX+ni NY+ga NZ uchun ~ pay X at Y for Z
  Men kassaga xarid qilgan narsalarim uchun pul to'ladim.
  I payed at the cashdesk for my purchases.
to'lan- v.int be payed for
to'lov n payment, compensation
to'lovsiz adj unpaid
to'lovchi n payer
KASSA n pay-desk, cashier's desk, booking office Occupations
KASSIR n cashier
TILXAT n receipt  
KVITANSIYA n receipt  
PATTA n ticket Business
Business
    cheque
    receipt
SCHYOT n bill, account  
HISOB n bill, check Numbers
Finance
Sport
Informing
Attention
  ovqat hisobi bill, check (at a restaurant)
  taom hisobi bill, check (at a restaurant)
hisoblash- v.int (make out) bill, check
     
CHOYCHAQA n tip  
    pocket money
  choy puli tip
    pocket money
BADAL n subscription, fee  
  A'zolik badalini to'ladingizmi?
  Have you paid the membership fee?
    refund
  n | NX+ning ~+iga in exchange for X
  Kechagi bergan pulimning badaliga shu narsani berdi.
  He gave that in exchange for the money I gave him yesterday.
BILET n | NX+ga ~ ticket for X  
  Operaga menda ikkita bilet bor.
  I have two tickets for the opera.
  bilet kassasi ticket office
CHIPTA n ticket, seat  
PATTA n ticket Business
Business
    cheque
    receipt
ABONEMENT n (subscription) ticket  
DARCHA n window, ticket office  
JETON n token  
SARF n expenses; expenditure, spending Utilization
  Sarfim ko'p.
  I have many expenses.
  NX+ga ~ bo'l- be spent on X
  NX+ni NY+ga sarf qil- spend X for Y; use X for Y
  Motor 100 kilometrga 8 litr benzin sarf qiladi.
  The engine uses 8 liters for 100 kilometers.
  Bu lug'atni tuzish uchun ko'p vaqt sarf qilindi.
  A great deal of time was spent in compiling this dictionary.
  Ko'p pul sarf qilmang!
  Don't spend a lot of money!
sarfiyat n loss, wastage, expense
sarfla- v.t | NX+ni N(ish)Y+ga ~ spend X on Y, expend X on Y, allocate X for Y
  O'zbekiston hukumati xalq ta'limiga katta mablag' sarflaydi.
  The government of Uzbekistan allocates large sums of money for education.
  Men kitob o'qishga ko'p vaqt sarflayman.
  I spend a lot of time on reading.
  U bu ishga ko'p kuch sarfladi.
  He expended much strength on this work.
  bekorga sarfla- waste
  Kelinglar, o'z ish vaqtimizni bekorga sarflamaylik.
  Let us not waste our working time.
ISROF n wasting, squandering
  isrof qil- waste, squander
  Pulni o'rinsiz isrof qilmang!
  Don't waste money!
XARJ n expenses  
kamxarj adj thrifty
xarjla- v.t spend (money)
  NX+ni NY+ga ~+b qo'y- spend X on Y
  Siz bunga ko'p pul xarjlab qo'ydingizmi?
  Have you spent much money on it?
XARAJAT n | NX+ga ~ expenses, expenditure, allocation for X
  Har oyda 200 000 so'm xarajatim bor.
  My expenses every month are 200,000 som.
  NX+ga xarajat qil- spend (money) on X, allocate money for X
  O'zbekiston xalq maorifiga qilinadigan xarajatlar byudjetning katta qismini tashkil qiladi.
  The allocations for education in Uzbekistan make up the greatest part of the budget.
  Kecha 5 000 so'm xarajat qildim.
  Yesterday I spent 5,000 som.
YASHA- v.int | NX+ga ~ live on X Housing
Life
  Bu ayol bir necha yillardan beri o'z pensiyasiga yashaydi.
  This woman has been living for many years on her pension.
TEJA- v.t save, economize Attention
    take care of, care for, look after
  numX NY+lik mablag' teja- save (a capital amount of X Y)
  Bir million dollarlik mablag' tejaldi.
  One million dollars' worth has been saved.
tejal- v.int be saved, be economized
YIG'- v.t | NX+ni NY+ga ~ save up X for Y Groupings
Gatherings
  Men mashinaga pul yig'yapman.
  I am saving up money for a car.
  Pul yig'moq.
  To save money.
AYA- v.t use sparingly, make best use of Utilization
Pity
     
iqtisodchi adj economical, frugal, thrifty Economy
omonat n savings  
  omonat kassa savings bank
JAMG'AR- v.t save (money), put money aside  
jamg'arma n savings, money put aside
  jamg'arilgan pul savings
G'AMLA- v.t store in reserve, accumulate  
REZERV(LAR) n reserve(s)  
  rezervlar reserves
  NX+ga pul qo'y- put money into X, invest in X  
QARZ n debt  
  Qarzim bor.
  I am in debt.
  NX+dan NY ~ bo'l- owe X Y
  NX+ni NY+ga qarz(ga) ber- lend X (money, object) to Y
  U fotoapparatni o'z do'stiga qarzga berdi.
  He lent the camera to his friend.
  U menga pul qarz berdi.
  He lent me some money.
  NX+ni NY+dan qarz(ga) ol- borrow X (money, object) of Y
  U fotoapparatni o'z do'stidan qarzga oldi.
  He borrowed the camera of his friend.
  qarzga bot- get into debt
  qarzdan qutul- settle a debt
  qarz to'la- repay a debt
qarzdor n debtor
HAQ n right(s) Truth
Justice
Meaning
  NX+da NY+ning NZ haq+i bor (X) owe Y Z
  Menda qancha haqingiz bor?
  How much do I owe you?
NASIYA n credit  
  nasiyaga on credit
ZAYOM n loan  
o'sim n interest  
CHEK n cheque  
  sayohat chek+i traveller's check
PATTA n ticket Business
Business
    cheque
    receipt
BUYUR- v.t | NY+ga N(ish)X+ni ~ order Y to X, command Y to X Authority
Communication
    order
  buyurib qo'y- order
buyurt-
/ buyurtir-
v.t have (something) made, order
buyurtma n order
  N(ish)X uchun buyurtma ber- reserve, order
  Men telefon orqali do'stim bilan gaplashish uchun buyurtma berdim.
  I have ordered a telephone conversation with my friend.
buyrutmachi n (person) having placed an order
  band qil- occupy Necessity
Housing
    rent; reserve
  Bu uyni band qildim.
  I rented this house.
OBUNA n subscription  
  Obuna haqini to'ladim.
  I paid the amount of the subscription.
  NX+ga ~ bo'l- subscribe to X
  Men "Pravda Vostoka" gazetasiga obuna bo'ldim.
  I have subscribed to the "Pravda Vostoka".
  'Xalq so'zi' gazetasiga obuna bo'ldim.
  I suscribed to the newspaper 'the People's Words'
obunachi n subscriber
DALLOL n broker, middleman Occupations
dallollik n broking
AKSIYA n share  
aksiyador n shareholder
GAROV n pawn, guarantee Opportunity
    bet
  garovga qo'y- pawn
  U soatini garovga qo'ydi.
  He pawned his watch.
garovxona n pawnshop
CHAYQOV n speculative business  
chayqovchi n speculator
chayqovchilik n speculation
       
BIRJA n exchange, market (stock, labour) Occupations
birjachi n stockbroker
BOZOR n market, commercial district Urbanism
Occupations
  Men buni bozordan oldim.
  I bought it in the market.
bozorlik n item sold/bought at the market
bozoriy adj on sale, for sale at the market
bozorchi n stallholder
SUPERMARKET n supermarket Urbanism
MAGAZIN n store, shop Urbanism
Prints
Clothing
Occupations
Meals
  kitob magazini bookshop
  kiyim(-kechak) magazini clothing store
  oziq-ovqat magazini grocery
  xo'jalik mollari magazini hardware store
magazinchi n shop assistant, salesclerk
UNIVERMAG n department store Urbanism
DO'KON n shop, store, (market) stall Urbanism
Occupations
Meals
Food
Botanics
Prints
Clothing
Vehicles
Meals
Food
Clothing
Food
Exchange
Tools & Furnitures
Tourism
Finery
  Do'kondan ikki sochiq sotib oldim.
  I bought two towels at the shop.
  go'sht do'koni butcher's shop
  gul do'koni florist
  kitob do'koni bookshop
  kiyim(-kechak) do'koni clothing store
  mashina do'koni car dealer
  non do'koni baker's shop
  poyafzal do'koni shoeshop, shoe store
  sabzavot do'koni greengrocer
  sovg'alar do'koni gift shop
  uy jihozlari do'koni furniture store
  yodgorliklar do'koni souvenir shop
  zargarlik do'koni jeweller's shop
do'konchi n shopkeeper
do'koncha n small shop, (market) stall
do'kondor n shopkeeper
novvoyxona n baker's shop, bakery Urbanism
Meals
     
qassobxona n butcher's shop Urbanism
Meals
     
ochil- v.int open, open out, be open Processes
Weather
Reflection
  ochilish opening, inauguration
     
yopil- v.int close, be closed, be shut Processes
ishla- v.int be open (shop, store) Action
Work
Forces
Production
     
     
     
BAQQOL n small trader, grocer Occupations
baqqollik n grocery trade
RASTA n street market  
yoyma n stall Occupations
yoymachi n street pedlar
VITRINA n (shop) window  
YARMARKA n trade fair  
       
BANK n bank Urbanism
Occupations
bankir n banker
SUG'URTA n insurance  
  Sug'urta guvohnomasini oldim.
  I received a certificate of insurance.
  sug'urta qil- insure
  NX+ni NY+dan sug'urta qildir- have X insured against Y
  Men o'zimning uyimni yong'indan sug'urta qildirdim.
  I have insured my house against the fire.
  sug'urta qilin- be insured
  Bu uy sug'urta qilingan.
  This house is insured.
sug'urtala- v.t insure
STRAXOVANIYE n insurance  
HISOB n arithmetic, calculation, computation Numbers
Business
Sport
Informing
Occupations
Attention
    account, count, score
  Hisob necha bo'ldi?
  What is the score?
  U kitoblarni hisobga olyapti.
  He is counting the books.
    bill, check
  NX+ga ~ ol- credit X
  bank hisobi deposit
  hisob qil- figure, tally out
hisoblash- v.int (make out) bill, check
hisobchi n bookkeeper, accountant
  hisob-kitob accounts; account book  
DAROMAD n profit, income  
  numX NY ~ ol- make a profit (of X Y(=currency))
  Bizning fabrikamiz besh million dollar daromad oldi.
  Our factory made a profit of five million dollars.
daromadli adj profitable
daromadsiz adj unprofitable
kirim n income, receipts, profit  
  Oylik kirimingiz qancha?
  What is your monthly income?
chiqim n expenditure, expenses, spending  
  Mening oylik chiqimim ellik ming so'm.
  My monthly expenditures is 50,000 som.
  chiqim qil- spend money
chiqimdor adj costly, sustaining heavy losses
  kirim-chiqim income and expenditure  
BUDJET n budget  
SOLIQ n taxes  
  Davlat aholidan ko'p soliq oladi.
  The state collects many taxes from the population.
  soliq sol- tax
  daromad solig'i income tax
  soliq boshqarmasi tax collector's office
BOJ n (customs) duty, tax Occupations
bojxona n customs
bojgir n customs officer
USHR n taxes, tithe  
FOYDA n advantage, benefit, profit Interest
  foyda qil- make a profit
  Kechagi sotgan mollaringizdan qancha foyda qildingiz?
  How much profit did you make on the cattle you sold yesterday?
foydali adj advantageous, beneficial, useful to X, stand X in good stead
  Otamning maslahati men uchun foydali bo'ldi.
  My father's advice stood me in good stead.
  NX+da ~ bo'l- prove effective by X
  Ishlab chiqarishning yangi metodi bizda juda foydali bo'ldi.
  The new method of production proved highly effective by us.
foydasiz adj without advantage, not beneficial, useless
ZIYON n loss, damage, harm Interest
    loss, deficit
  NX+ga ~ yetkaz- harm X
ziyonli adj in deficit, losing
ziyonsiz adj without losses
SIN- v.int be bankrupted (l/f) Processes